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- Epidemiology of Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB)
- Robert Koch made several significant discoveries with regard to the tuberculosis (TB) bacillus. Which statement is FALSE?
- Early Treatment
- TB Wonder Drugs
- For tuberculosis (TB) patients, the success of sanatorium treatment was based on a combination of several different factors. Which of the factors list...
- Spread of Resistance: Escalation of Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB)
- In the 1980s, what major factor directly caused the escalation of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB)?
- Spread of Resistance: Global Emergency
- After the first appearance of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB), which control measure was the MOST effective?
- Global View
- Development of Selective Resistance in India
- Which of the following statements BEST explain India’s rising prevalence of totally drug-resistant tuberculosis (TDR-TB)? (Choose all that apply...
- Source of Infection in Italian School Epidemic
- Which three (3) statements help to explain the difficulty in resolving the multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) epidemic in the Italian school? (...
- Case Study of Drug Resistance in Two Children: Patient 1
- Case Study of Drug Resistance in Two Children: Patient 2
- Case Study of Drug Resistance in Two Children: Treatment Summary for Both Cases
- Comparison of Italian Pediatric Cases
- Which of the following statements accurately describe the similarities present in both of the pediatric case studies presented? (Choose all that apply...
- United States (US)-Mexican Border
- United States (US)-Mexican Border, continued
- What primary factors tend to increase the incidence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) across the...
- Laboratory Diagnosis
- Treatment and Control of Antibiotic-resistant TB
- Control and Prevention
- Which of the following statements are considered essential to the treatment and control of MDR-TB? (Choose all that apply.)
- Looking Ahead
Level of instruction: Basic to intermediate
Intended audience: This course is intended for microbiology bench technicians and technologists, supervisors, and administrators.
Author information: Cynthia B. Schofield, MPH, MT received her BS degree in Biology at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan and her Masters of Public Health, Epidemiology, and Biostatistics at San Diego State University, San Diego, California. Cynthia is retired with 25 years of supervisory experience in the clinical microbiology laboratory and has written for numerous publications, including ASCP, Advance, and MLO.
Reviewer information: Catherine Dragoni, MT(ASCP)SM received her BS degree in Medical Technology from the State University of New York, Upstate Medical Center, Syracuse. She began her career as a bench microbiologist at Maine Medical Center, Portland, Maine. Currently she is the Chief Technologist of Microbiology and Molecular Pathology at NorDx Laboratories, Scarborough, Maine.
Course description: In this course, the presentation of a brief history of tuberculosis (TB) and its developing resistance to anti-tuberculosis drugs, is followed by case histories from India, Italy, and the US-Mexican border. The pathogenesis of TB disease in humans is diagrammed and a review of diagnostic laboratory methods, susceptibility testing, and methods of control are explored.