The CDC recommends the use of disinfectants that work against non-enveloped viruses to provide a broader antiviral spectrum. Disinfectants labeled by the EPA as effective against non-enveloped viruses are more potent and can inactivate both enveloped (eg, Ebola) and non-enveloped (eg, poliovirus, rotavirus, norovirus) viruses.
Utilize hospital- or facility-approved disinfectants, such as:
- Diluted bleach solution (10% sodium hypochlorite)
- Germicidal disposable wipes
- Quaternary-based disinfectant cleaner concentrate (eg, Virex 256)
- EPA-registered tuberculocidal disinfectants
- EPA-registered disinfectants that are labeled as effective against both HIV and hepatitis B virus (HBV)
- Sterilants/high-level disinfectants cleared by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
- Other commercially available disinfectant
Always follow the facility-approved/manufacturer recommended contact time to ensure proper disinfection.
OSHA emphasizes that when cleaning and decontaminating surfaces/objects soiled with blood or body fluids:
- PPE is provided for the worker performing the task
- Fresh bleach solution should be prepared daily to ensure germicidal activity
- All blood must be cleaned up thoroughly before applying the disinfectant
- The disposal of the infectious waste be in accordance with federal, state, or local regulations
- The surface be left wet with the disinfectant for 30 seconds for HIV-1 and for 10 minutes for HBV