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The page below is a sample from the LabCE course Infection Prevention and Control for Healthcare Personnel. Access the complete course and earn ASCLS P.A.C.E.-approved continuing education credits by subscribing online.

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The CDC recommends the use of disinfectants that work against non-enveloped viruses to provide a broader antiviral spectrum. Disinfectants labeled by the EPA as effective against non-enveloped viruses are more potent and can inactivate both enveloped (eg, Ebola) and non-enveloped (eg, poliovirus, rotavirus, norovirus) viruses. 
Utilize hospital- or facility-approved disinfectants, such as:
  • Diluted bleach solution (10% sodium hypochlorite)
  • Germicidal disposable wipes
  • Quaternary-based disinfectant cleaner concentrate (eg, Virex 256)
  • EPA-registered tuberculocidal disinfectants
  • EPA-registered disinfectants that are labeled as effective against both HIV and hepatitis B virus (HBV)
  • Sterilants/high-level disinfectants cleared by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
  • Other commercially available disinfectant
Always follow the facility-approved/manufacturer recommended contact time to ensure proper disinfection.
OSHA emphasizes that when cleaning and decontaminating surfaces/objects soiled with blood or body fluids:
  • PPE is provided for the worker performing the task
  • Fresh bleach solution should be prepared daily to ensure germicidal activity
  • All blood must be cleaned up thoroughly before applying the disinfectant
  • The disposal of the infectious waste be in accordance with federal, state, or local regulations 
  • The surface be left wet with the disinfectant for 30 seconds for HIV-1 and for 10 minutes for HBV