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The page below is a sample from the LabCE course Metabolic Syndrome. Access the complete course and earn ASCLS P.A.C.E.-approved continuing education credits by subscribing online.

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Risk Factors

According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, the risk factors for metabolic syndrome include:
  • Abdominal obesity (excessive fat in the stomach area): waist circumference greater than 35 inches/88 cm (women) or 40 inches/102 cm (men)
  • Dyslipidemia (high triglycerides (greater than 150 mg/dL or 1.70 mmol/L)
  • Decreased high-density lipoprotein [HDL] cholesterol (less than 50 mg/dL or 1.70 mmol/L)
  • Elevated blood pressure (greater than or equal to 130/85 mm Hg)
  • High fasting plasma glucose (greater than or equal to 110 mg/dL or 6.1 mmol/L)
Metabolic syndrome is diagnosed if an individual meets three or more of the above criteria.

Reference: What is metabolic syndrome. NIH National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/ms. Accessed February 13, 2016.