According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, the risk factors for metabolic syndrome include:
- Abdominal obesity (excessive fat in the stomach area): waist circumference greater than 35 inches/88 cm (women) or 40 inches/102 cm (men)
- Dyslipidemia (high triglycerides (greater than 150 mg/dL or 1.70 mmol/L)
- Decreased high-density lipoprotein [HDL] cholesterol (less than 50 mg/dL or 1.70 mmol/L)
- Elevated blood pressure (greater than or equal to 130/85 mm Hg)
- High fasting plasma glucose (greater than or equal to 110 mg/dL or 6.1 mmol/L)
Metabolic syndrome is diagnosed if an individual meets three or more of the above criteria.