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The page below is a sample from the LabCE course Metabolic Syndrome. Access the complete course and earn ASCLS P.A.C.E.-approved continuing education credits by subscribing online.

Learn more about Metabolic Syndrome (online CE course)

The primary goal in the treatment of those with metabolic syndrome is the reduction of risk factors for atherosclerotic disease. If the person does not already have type 2 diabetes, prevention of diabetes is another critical goal in management and treatment. Lifestyle changes and medications are utilized to meet these goals.
Lifestyle changes that reduce obesity are critical. Patients should increase physical activity, reduce fat in their diet, and decrease calorie intake. Exercise provides benefits beyond just burning calories. Exercise stimulates anabolic metabolism, raises basal metabolism rate, decreases stress, and increases hormonal sensitivity. Cessation of smoking is also important.
Often drug therapy is needed to address the patient's hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and/or hyperglycemia. Low-dose antiplatelet agents may be used to prevent thrombosis.