The page below is a sample from the LabCE course Dermal Puncture and Capillary Blood Collection. Access the complete course and earn ASCLS P.A.C.E.-approved continuing education credits by subscribing online.

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Protect Yourself and Your Patient

It is important to remember that the collection of a specimen by dermal puncture may involve the potential of exposure to bloodborne pathogens as well as other safety considerations for both the phlebotomist and the patient.
Some important safety reminders are listed in the table below.
Safety Reminder
Gloves are always necessaryBlood contaminates the skin during a capillary blood collection. Gloves protect the phlebotomist from potential exposure to bloodborne pathogens.Gloves must remain intact to be an effective barrier against exposure to potential pathogens.
Wear additional personal protective equipment (PPE), such as lab coat or gown, when appropriate or required. Safety goggles and surgical mask may be needed if there is a potential for splashes or sprays of blood.May be needed to protect the phlebotomist or may be required to protect the patient from potential infection in some cases.Safety goggles and mask should both be worn to adequately protect the eyes and mucous membranes from exposure to bloodborne pathogens if there is the potential for splashes or sprays of blood.
Only have the equipment needed for this procedure at hand and additional equipment out of reach of the patient. Protects the patient from accidental injuryOften, capillary procedures are performed on very young children who are curious and may grab something that could cause injury.