Eosinophil Function and Lifespan

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The page below is a sample from the LabCE course Normal Peripheral Blood Cells. Access the complete course and earn ASCLS P.A.C.E.-approved continuing education credits by subscribing online.

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Eosinophil Function and Lifespan

Eosinophils have a circulating half-life of approximately 18 hours and a tissue life span of at least six days. They are capable of locomotion and phagocytosis and can enter inflammatory sites but do so less readily than neutrophils. In tissues, the primary location for eosinophils is in the epithelial barriers to the outside world, such as the lungs, skin, and GI tract. They are capable of returning to the circulating blood and bone marrow after they enter the tissues.
Eosinophils are active in parasitic infections and allergic reactions, such as asthma and hay fever, and may be present in great numbers in the peripheral blood during these conditions. Stress, shock, or burns may also cause an increase in this type of cell. Eosinophils modulate an allergic response by liberating substances that can neutralize mast cell and basophil products and contain basic proteins that can be toxic to parasitic and mammalian cells.
The image on the right shows malarial ring forms, which are parasites inside the red blood cells. This patient showed an increased eosinophil count due to their parasitic infection.
Note: Increases in eosinophil counts are more often associated with worm infections rather than malarial or protozoan infections. Additionally, eosinophils typically encounter the parasite in the tissues, not the bloodstream.