Clinical Laboratory Tests and Results

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The page below is a sample from the LabCE course Osteoporosis and the Clinical Laboratory. Access the complete course and earn ASCLS P.A.C.E.-approved continuing education credits by subscribing online.

Learn more about Osteoporosis and the Clinical Laboratory (online CE course)
Clinical Laboratory Tests and Results

Laboratory Tests that may be ordered to aid in the diagnosis of osteoporosis include:

  • Blood calcium levels - this may be normal in an osteoporosis situation but can also be elevated in conjunction with other bone disorders.
  • Vitamin D - decreases can lead to decreased calcium absorption.
  • T4/ TSH - these tests if abnormal can indicate thyroid disease that may be the underlying cause of osteoporosis.
  • Parathyroid hormone - may be increased indicating a hyperparathyroidism causing an increase in calcium levels.
  • FSH - hormone status, can be an indicator of menopause.
  • Alkaline phosphatase - looking for increased levels that can indicate a bone disorder.
  • Protein electrophoresis - may be increased if multiple myeloma is present and is degrading bone.