Specialists in microbiology perform testing to diagnose and manage the spread of infectious organisms, including bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Specialists should be able to isolate and identify a wide variety of these organisms. Testing procedures include direct examination and antigen detection methods. Directors, supervisors and technologists in this category may provide consultation for infection control and epidemiology.
Specialists in serology and immunology measure antibodies formed in disorders of the immune system, or in response to infectious organisms. Specialists should be familiar with all serology techniques (except those specific to immunohematology). This specialty includes all lab procedures performed in the specialty of histocompatibility.
Specialists in hematology must be able to identify and evaluate cells in blood and bone marrow, and identify disorders of these cell. Specialists should be familiar with routine and special tests to determine the number, morphology, and function of cells in body fluid. The evaluation of hemostasis and thrombosis is also included. Testing in this specialty may also include urine chemistries performed as part of a routine urinalysis.