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ABO Antibodies

In most other blood group systems, antibody may be formed after an individual has been immunized by an antigen that is missing from his or her red cells; perhaps as the result of pregnancy or transfusion. In the ABO system, when the antigen is missing from the cells, the corresponding antibody will predictably be found in the serum and must be found before determining the ABO type. There are few exceptions to this rule and any exception must be explained before the true ABO blood type can be determined.