Basic Structural Components

The page below is a sample from the LabCE course HIV Safety for Florida Clinical Laboratory Personnel. Access the complete course and earn ASCLS P.A.C.E.-approved continuing education credits by subscribing online.

Learn more about HIV Safety for Florida Clinical Laboratory Personnel (online CE course)
Basic Structural Components

HIV consists of two basic components: a core of nucleic acid, called the genome, and a protein component that surrounds the genome, called a capsid.

The genome carries the genetic information of the virus, while the capsid gives the virus its shape and protects the genome.

The capsid is made up of subunits called capsomeres.