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The page below is a sample from the LabCE course HIV Safety for Florida Clinical Laboratory Personnel. Access the complete course and earn ASCLS P.A.C.E.-approved continuing education credits by subscribing online.

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Function of HIV Genes

HIV consists of nine genes.

Three of the genes provide genetic information for the capsid proteins, envelope proteins, and viral enzymes.

The other six genes are regulatory genes, controlling functions such as uncoating of the HIV genome and the penetration of host cells.


Gene Number
Abbreviation
Gene Function
1
gag
capsid proteins
2
pol
viral enzymes
3
env
envelope proteins
4
vif
regulatory gene
5
tat
regulatory gene
6
vpu
regulatory gene
7
nef
regulatory gene
8
vpr
regulatory gene
9
rev
regulatory gene