Tuberculin Skin Test (TST)

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Tuberculin Skin Test (TST)

The tuberculin skin test (TST) is a common method of determining whether an individual is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis.5 The TST utilizes 0.1 mL of purified protein derivative (PPD), which is injected intradermally onto the forearm surface. The needle tip is inserted so that the needle is visible under the first layer of skin - bevel up. The PPD is injected slowly to produce a small wheal measuring 5-6 mm in diameter.
The TST is read 48-72 hours after injection by a trained health care worker, such as a physician or nurse. The diameter of any induration is measured in millimeters.
Records of the test are kept in the individual's health record for future reference.
5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Tuberculin skin testing fact sheet. 2020. Accessed November 15, 2023. https://www.cdc.gov/tb/publications/factsheets/testing/skintesting.htm
6. CDC/Benenson. Image #6806. "...placing a Mantoux tuberculin skin test in this recipient's forearm." PHIL public domain. Created 2004. Accessed November 15, 2023. https://phil.cdc.gov/Details.aspx?pid=6806

Administering tuberculin skin test (6)