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- Review of Lipid Physiology
- What Are Lipids?
- Review of Lipid Types
- Match each lipid type with the correct biological function.
- Lipid Digestion and Absorption
- Lipid Transport in the Bloodstream
- True or False: Lipoproteins with more cholesterol content are less dense than lipoproteins with less cholesterol.
- Cholesterol Reference Ranges
- Disease States Associated with Hyperlipidemia
- Pathology of Lipids
- Physical Signs of Elevated Lipid Levels
- Tendinous Xanthoma
- Eruptive Xanthoma
- Overview of Dyslipidemias
- Primary Dyslipidemias
- What do patients with familial hypercholesterolemia have an increased risk of developing?
- Secondary Dyslipidemias
- True or False: A transient ischemic attack (TIA) occurs when there is decreased blood flow to the heart, resulting in abnormal functioning of the orga...
- Classification of Lipid-Lowering Medications
- Pharmacologic Strategies for Dyslipidemia and Laboratory Applications
- HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors / Statins
- What is the most common laboratory abnormality expected from a patient taking an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor (e.g., statin)?
- Bile Acid Resins
- Cholesterol Absorption Inhibitors
- Nicotinic Acid (Niacin)
- How often should serum creatinine be assessed in patients taking fibrates, such as gemfibrozil?
- PCSK9 Inhibitors
- Table 1: Summary for the Laboratory Professional
- Which two medications for hyperlipidemia have an anti-inflammatory benefit?
- Cholesterol Screening and Management Guidelines
Level of Instruction: Beginner
Intended Audience: Medical laboratory scientists and medical laboratory technicians. This course is also appropriate for medical laboratory science students, pathology residents, and other healthcare personnel who are responsible for prescribing and administering antihyperlipidemic medications.
Author Information: Kyle D. Mills, DO, MLS(ASCP)SH, completed his professional medical education at the University of Pikeville - Kentucky College of Osteopathic Medicine in Pikeville, Kentucky. He is currently pursuing a residency in internal medicine at the University of Louisville in Louisville, Kentucky. Dr. Mills also holds a Bachelor of Health Science degree in Clinical Laboratory Sciences from the University of Kentucky and is an American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP) certified Medical Laboratory Scientist (MLS) and Specialist in Hematology (SH). Before attending medical school, Dr. Mills worked on the laboratory bench as a generalist and led a medical laboratory technician program.
Katie Blain, PharmD, MPH is a pharmacist with the Appalachian Regional Healthcare Health System in Eastern Kentucky and Southern West Virginia. Dr. Blain currently serves as the Kentucky Pharmacists Association (KPhA) New Practitioner Committee Chair. She completed an American Society of Health System Pharmacy (ASHP) accredited community pharmacy residency program with Sullivan University College of Pharmacy and Walgreens Co. in Louisville, Kentucky. Dr. Blain received her Doctor of Pharmacy and Master of Public Health degrees from the University of Kentucky.
Laurie Bjerklie, MA, MLS(ASCP)CM
currently an Education Developer for MediaLab and LabCE. She earned a B.S. in
Medical Laboratory Science from the University of North Dakota and an M.A. in
Curriculum and Instruction from Saint Xavier University. She has over 15 years
of experience in higher education and has held program director and faculty
positions in both MLT and MLS programs. She most recently served as the Program
Manager of Medical Laboratory Science at Saint Louis University.
Course Description: This course will review the normal biological functions of lipids and differentiate lipoprotein types based on their structure and function. While this presentation will provide a brief review of all lipid types, there will be a focus on cholesterol and associated disease states, medications, and implications for laboratory testing.