Any of three major classes of compounds can be used in the management of pain in SCD. These compounds include opioid, non-opioid, and adjuvants.
- Opioids include codeine, levophanol, morphine, oxycodone, and pethidine, among others.
- Non-opioids include salicylates, nonacetylated salicylates, acetic acid derivatives, anthranilic acid derivatives, proprionic acid derivatives, and oxicams.
- Adjuvants include anticonvulsants, antidepressants, antihistamines, and benzodiazepines.