The page below is a sample from the LabCE course Emerging Cardiovascular Risk Markers. Access the complete course and earn ASCLS P.A.C.E.-approved continuing education credits by subscribing online.

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Risk Factors

A cardiovascular risk factor is a condition (not a laboratory analyte) that is associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Examples include:

  • Age
  • Gender (males are at increased risk)
  • Heredity (family history of cardiovascular events)
  • Hypertension
  • Cigarette Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Stress

There are also negative risk factors, factors that decrease a person's risk of cardiovascular disease. Examples include:

  • Optimal HDL-C concentration
  • Exercise
  • Estrogen
  • Moderate alcohol intake