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Electrical Resistance and Current Pathway Through the Body

Resistance
The resistance that is encountered is dependent on the body tissue that is traversed by the electrical current. Generally, tissues with high fluid electrolyte concentrations will conduct electricity the best. Bone is the most resistant tissue to electrical flow. Skin impedes electrical current, but resistance is dependent on the skin's thickness and moisture. Wet skin can reduce the contact resistance of the body.
Pathway
The degree of electricity-induced injury is also determined by which tissues are in the current pathway. Tissues with high fluid electrolyte concentrations conduct electricity the best. Electrical current that passes through the head or thorax produces the most serious injuries including fatal arrhythmia, direct cardiac damage, respiratory arrest, direct brain injury, and paralysis. Bone is the most resistant tissue to electrical current.