The page below is a sample from the LabCE course Electrophoresis. Access the complete course and earn ASCLS P.A.C.E.-approved continuing education credits by subscribing online.

Learn more about Electrophoresis (online CE course) »
How to Subscribe
MLS & MLT Comprehensive CE Package
Includes 94 CE courses, most popular
$95 Add to cart
Pick Your Courses
Up to 8 CE hours
$50 Add to cart
Individual course$20 Add to cart

Electrophoresis and Molecular Diagnostics

Because of ionized phosphate groups, both DNA and RNA will migrate in an electrical field with an appropriate buffer. They are negatively charged and will migrate to the anode. The speed of migration and separation achieved is based upon size with smaller molecules traveling faster. The shape of macromolecules, type of support medium, and electrophoresis method also vary the separation results. The isolated nucleic acid can be single-stranded or double-stranded and can fold into other structures.

AGE, PAGE, and CE are the most common electrophoresis methods used in analysis of nucleic acids. Pulsed electric fields are needed to separate large fragments. The electrophoresis employed in blotting techniques enhance these discrimination techniques.