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The page below is a sample from the LabCE course Diabetes: Diagnosis, Laboratory Testing, and the Current American Diabetes Association Guidelines. Access the complete course and earn ASCLS P.A.C.E.-approved continuing education credits by subscribing online.

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Treatment and Management of Diabetes

The treatment and management of diabetes often depends on the type of diabetes. In addition, treatment can depend on the patient's age, physical, condition, other diseases, and lifestyle. Improvements in blood sugar levels can often result from weight reduction, increase in exercise, and a more balanced diet. Smoking cessation can help to reduce cardiovascular disease risk for the diabetic.
For type 1 diabetes and more severe type 2 diabetes, medication may be required to control blood glucose levels. Some patients may require insulin injections, while others may take anti-diabetic drugs such as metformin and sulfonylureas. Others may require a combination of insulin and anti-diabetic drugs. Newer anti-diabetic drugs are also available, however there are still many unanswered questions about their effects. In addition, diabetics may require other medications to control specific symptoms or lower risks of cardiovascular disease. Such medications may include anti-hypertensives to lower blood pressure, anti-clotting drugs to prevent blood clotting, and statins to lower blood cholesterol levels.