People who work in health care settings are at higher risk for becoming infected with TB; therefore, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend that all health care facilities have a TB control plan as part of a general infection control program designed to ensure the following:
- Prompt detection of infectious patients
- Airborne precautions
- Treatment of people who have suspected or confirmed TB disease
In order to be effective, the primary emphasis of a TB control program should be on achieving these three goals.
In all health care settings, particularly those in which people are at high risk for exposure to TB, policies and procedures for TB control should be developed, reviewed periodically, and evaluated for effectiveness to determine the actions necessary to minimize the risk for transmission of TB.