Hearland virus neutralizing antibodies in vertibrate wildlife, United States, 2009-2014/CDC
The Heartland virus is a phlebovirus in the family Bunyaviridae. Nine cases have been reported in white men over 50 years of age who live in Missouri or Tennessee since 2009. They became ill between May and September. Two cases were fatal. The virus has been found in the Lone Star tick (Amblyomma americanum), but it is not known whether this tick is able to transmit the virus to humans through a bite.
Symptoms are typical of other tickborne diseases:
- Muscle ache
There is no treatment and testing is currently available through the CDC. Blood samples of 1,428 deer, raccoon, coyotes, and moose collected from killed animals revealed 103 seropositive animals in the areas shown on the map.