The vaccine for TB is Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG). In the United States, BCG is administered only in special circumstances.
In countries with high TB prevalence, BCG is administered routinely to infants.
BCG vaccination of health care workers should be considered on an individual basis in settings in which
- A high percentage of TB patients are infected with TB strains resistant to both isoniazid and rifampin;
- There is ongoing transmission of drug-resistant TB strains to health care workers and subsequent infection is likely; or
- Comprehensive TB infection-control precautions have been implemented, but have not been successful.
Health care workers considered for BCG vaccination should be counseled regarding the risks and benefits associated with both BCG vaccination and treatment of latent TB infection.