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Worldwide Epidemiology

  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO) 3.3 billion people at risk
  • 1.2 billion at high risk in Africa and Southeast Asia; 99 countries have ongoing transmission
  • 207 million cases of malaria estimated in 2012
    • 74% of cases in Africa
    • 90% are P. falciparum
    • 86% in children under 5 years
  • 627,000 estimated deaths
  • World Health Organizatiion reported malaria control reduced cases by 45% since 2000 and by half in children under five
  • 4 countries in southeast Asia reported artemisinin (basic component of most antimalarial drugs) resistance in 2013, and 64 countries found evidence of insecticide resistance that could impair efforts to decrease malaria cases