Failure Mode, Effect, and Criticality Analysis uses the opposite approach of Root Cause Analysis.
Ways FMECA and RCA differ:
- FMECA is proactive and RCA is reactive.
- FMECA occurs during development and RCA occurs after-the-fact.
- FMECA prevents errors and RCA satisfies patients or requirements.
- FMECA helps processes to work and RCA changes processes that do not work.
- FMECA encourages good outcomes and RCA changes bad outcomes.