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The page below is a sample from the LabCE course Medical Error Prevention (retired). Access the complete course and earn ASCLS P.A.C.E.-approved continuing education credits by subscribing online.

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Failure Mode, Effect, and Criticality Analysis uses the opposite approach of Root Cause Analysis.

Ways FMECA and RCA differ:

  • FMECA is proactive and RCA is reactive.
  • FMECA occurs during development and RCA occurs after-the-fact.
  • FMECA prevents errors and RCA satisfies patients or requirements.
  • FMECA helps processes to work and RCA changes processes that do not work.
  • FMECA encourages good outcomes and RCA changes bad outcomes.