The selection of adequate PPE used when collecting specimens from an ED patient suspected to have EVD is based on the patient's travel history and clinical status. For a patient presenting with an exposure history (eg, lives in or has traveled to a country with widespread Ebola transmission) and none of the Ebola-related symptoms (eg, fever ≥100.4, muscle pain, diarrhea, etc.), the facility may choose to utilize the minimum protection recommended, which includes a face shield, surgical mask, impermeable gown, and two pairs of gloves. The patient is not contagious at this point. This is in contrast to the need for "full-scale" protection, designed for the care of a hospitalized patient (discussed in the next section) or a patient exhibiting Ebola-related symptoms, in which additional PPE must be worn to ensure that no skin is exposed. This is necessary with confirmed/hospitalized cases, when the patient presents with specific signs or symptoms (eg, vomiting, bleeding, or copious diarrhea), or when the patient must undergo invasive or aerosol-producing procedures (eg, active resuscitation, intubation, suctioning). Always refer to and strictly adhere to your facility's policies and procedures regarding proper selection and usage of PPE.