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References and Recommended Reading

Astion ML, Shojania KG, Hamill TR, Kim S, Ng VL. Classifying laboratory incident reports to identify problems that jeopardize patient safety. Am J Clin Path. 2003;120:18.

Bersch C, Clemons K. The wheel of misfortune prepare to win if disaster strikes. MLO. 2008;40:12.

Berte L. Laboratory quality management: A road map. Clin Lab Med. 2007;27:771.

Bonini P, Plebani M, Ceriotti F, Rubboli F. Errors in laboratory medicine. Clin Chem. 2002;48:691-698. Available at Accessed February 16, 2016

Carraro P, Plebani M. Errors in a stat laboratory: Types and frequencies 10 years later. Clin Chem. 2007;53:1338-1342.

Carroll R ed. Risk Management Handbook for Health Care Organizations. 5th ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass; 2006.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Standards and certification: Laboratory requirements (42 CFR 493). Available at: Accessed February 16, 2016.

Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). Laboratory Quality Control Based on Risk Management; Approved Guideline. CLSI document EP23-A. Wayne, PA: Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute; 2011.

Howanitz PJ. Errors in laboratory medicine: Practical lessons to improve patient safety. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2005; 129:1252 - 1261.

Kalra J. Medical errors: Impact on clinical laboratories and other critical areas. Clin Biochem. 2004;37:1052-1062.

Kohn LT, Corrigan JM, Donaldson MS, eds. To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2000.

Lippi G, Guidi G. Risk management in the preanalytical phase of laboratory testing. Clin Chem & Lab Med. 2007;45:720.

Malone B. Risk management for clinical labs. Clinical Laboratory News. 2008;34:1.

Pierangelo B, Plebani M, Ceriotti F, Rubboli F. Errors in laboratory medicine. Clin Chem. 2002;48:691-698.

Sazama K. Legal implications of laboratory errors. Lab Med. 2005;36:213.

Smith TJ. Strategies for error reduction, Advance Magazine. 2009;18:25.

Vidal Y. 101 Ways to Prevent Medical Errors: A 24-year Odyssey. Andrews, TX: Lara Publishing; 2002.