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Conditions Associated with Hypersegmented Neutrophils

There are a number of conditions in which hypersegmented neutrophils may be seen, such as megaloblastic anemias (including folic acid deficiency and pernicious anemia). Individuals who are receiving chemotherapy or have long-term chronic infections may also have hypersegmented neutrophils.

The cells seen in these conditions would be classified as pathological since the body is responding abnormally as a result of either a deficiency of a component needed for DNA production or because of the toxic effect that chemotherapy drugs have on DNA.