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Conditions Associated with Spherocytes

Examples of conditions in which spherocytes can be seen include hereditary spherocytosis and immune hemolytic anemias (ie, ABO incompatibility). Spherocytes can also form in conditions where there has been a direct physical or chemical injury to the cells. An example would be a smear from an individual who has suffered severe burns.
In hereditary spherocytosis, a condition where spherocytes are numerous, the MCHC value will be at the upper limits of normal, or about 36. The identification of spherocytes on the smear of a patient with hereditary spherocytosis can aid significantly in the diagnosis of the disorder. Artifactual spherocytes can appear when blood is stored for a prolonged period of time.