Informed consent must be obtained first before an HIV antigen or antibody test can be ordered.
Informed consent must be preceded by:
- Explanation of the test subject's right of confidentiality.
- Notification that a positive HIV test result will be reported to county health department with enough information to possibly identify the test subject.
- Availability and location of sites where anonymous testing is performed
Informed consent can be given by a legal guardian or other person authorized by law when the test subject is:
- not competent,
- incapacitated, or
- a minor.